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Drip Irrigation|Irrigation System|Low Pressure Low Cost (LPLC) Drip Irrigation System Design|Modern methods of irrigation|water use efficiency|Irrigation definition|

Economic Feasibility of Low Pressure Low Cost (LPLC) Drip Irrigation System

Drip Irrigation, Irrigation System, low Low price (LPLC) Drip Irrigation System style, fashionable ways of irrigation, water use potency, Irrigation definition, drip irrigation system definition,drip irrigation system style,drip irrigation blessings,drip irrigation system price per acre,drip irrigation emitters,drip irrigation diagram.

Drip irrigation system
Drip irrigation system in Field

The field experiment was conducted to judge the economic practicableness of LPLC drip system for broccoli and tomato with four treatments. Daily drip irrigation maintained soil wet close to cubature unit in thirty and sixty cm depth of profile. The seasonal water demand was found to be twenty.08, 19.68, 18.61 and 21.06 cm severally for treatments T1, T2, T3 and T4 and corresponding WUE area unit one.46, 2.85, 3.41 and 0.82 t/ha-cm. The mean yield of fruit of broccoli and tomato in treatment T1 (1.01 kg/plant and twenty nine.27 t/ha) followed by T4 (0.60 kg/plant and seventeen.33 t/ha) and T3 (2.19 kg/plant and sixty three.46 t/ha) followed by T2 (1.93 kg/plant and fifty six.03 t/ha) severally. The developed system has pay back amount of 1 season solely, profit to price (B/C) magnitude relation ranges from one.52 to 5.31 while not grant and four.28 to 8.30 with grant. Thus, acceptable, affordable, accessible, low operation and maintenance price, users friendly LPLC drip irrigation system is healthier various for tiny land holders.

INTRODUCTION OF LPLC drip irrigation system

In world and specially in Bharat, seventy per cent of farming population consists of tiny and marginal farmers cultivating land but one square measure in size, average size of that decreases by 0.5 each fifteen years thanks to the fast increase. nowadays nearly sixty per cent of the farmers belong to marginal class with a median of zero.4 ha land. Agriculture in Bharat is especially rainfed and majority of the farmers have very little access to alternate supply of irrigation. These poor farmers area unit still obsessed on the vagaries of the monsoons to sustain their livelihoods. Thus, no accessibility of cheap and dependable irrigation systems could be a major issue behind ever-increasing variety of farmers being drawn into the impoverishment spell1

Drip irrigation system offers distinctive scientific discipline, agro technical and economical benefits for economical use of valuable water resources. However, the initial price of drip irrigation limits its scope for big scale adoptions. The Indian government has wanted to market controlled irrigation technologies primarily by subsidizing the price of apparatus. Despite subsidies of the maximum amount as seventy five per cent of total price of apparatus, the speed of adoption is extremely slow and uneven. The Rajasthan government approved rate of seventy per cent grant starting from Rs 19206 to Rs 163400 per square measure for drip irrigation.

Drip irrigation system offers distinctive scientific discipline, agro technical and economical benefits for economical use of valuable water resources. However, the initial price of drip irrigation limits its scope for big scale adoptions. The Indian government has wanted to market controlled irrigation technologies primarily by subsidizing the price of apparatus. Despite subsidies of the maximum amount as seventy five per cent of total price of apparatus, the speed of adoption is extremely slow and uneven. The Rajasthan government approved rate of seventy per cent grant starting from Rs 19206 to Rs 163400 per square measure for drip irrigation. 

Drip irrigation tradle pump
Drip irrigation tradle pump

The present drip irrigation system technologies are expensive and fit for use only in large fields. International Development Enterprises-India (IDEI) embarked upon the innovative adaptations of low cost drip irrigation systems catering to the needs of the small farmers, bringing in more flexibility, simplicity and affordability. IDEI promoted drip kits cost almost 80 per cent cheaper than the conventional kits and thus bring about a shift from subsistence farming to higher value production farming doubling the income of the poor farmers and greatly enhancing household food security. The drip irrigation technology and treadle pump technology frees the farmer from the limitations of rainfed farming, enabling him to grow wide variety of crops, cultivate all the year round with higher cropping intensity and priority farming. Good irrigation technologies and agricultural practices coupled with enhanced participation of the poor in the markets is the key to income generation. IDEI promotes affordable drip irrigation technologies (ADITI) in the form of packaged and ready-to-use kits such as bucket kit, drum kit, and customized systems which are used by farmers for growing both horticulture and cash crops. Till date 85,000 small and marginal farmers have been successfully adopted these kits. It has working head 0.5-3 m with 73-84 per cent distribution uniformity2. Higher head in Krishak Bandhu (KB) drip system with increasing height of source is difficult to maintain and costly also. However, no low cost drip irrigation system has been designed more than 3 m head.

                There is a need to develop an efficient suitable low pressure low cost (LPLC) drip irrigation system having working head of more than 3 m with higher distribution uniformity, constructed with locally available materials that would be adoptable and affordable for small land holders.

It was surveyed3 on existing treadle pumps; low-cost drip irrigation and water storage systems reported that 550 million of the current 1.1 billion people earning less than $1-a-day earn a living from agriculture in developing countries. A revolution in water control is needed to develop and mass-disseminate new, affordable, small-plot irrigation technologies. A revolution in agriculture is required to enable smallholders to produce high-value, marketable, labor-intensive cash crops. A revolution in markets is needed to open access to markets for the crops they produce and the inputs they need. Finally, a revolution in design, based on the ruthless pursuit of affordability, is needed to harness shallow groundwater.

Scientific water management, farm practices and drip system should be adopted wherever feasible. The development of an efficient, reliable and low cost drip system that fits the needs of small farmers in developing countries has long been recognized as a critical need. The objectives of present investigation were to develop a low cost efficient suitable drip, fabricated with materials available in local market, which is adoptable and affordable for small land holders.

Drip irrigation system offers unique agronomical, agro technical and economical advantages for efficient use of valuable water resources. However, the initial cost of drip irrigation limits its scope for large scale adoptions. The Indian government has sought to promote pressurized irrigation technologies primarily by subsidizing the cost of equipment. Despite subsidies of as much as 75 per cent of total cost of equipment, the rate of adoption is very slow and uneven. The Rajasthan State Government approved rate of 70 per cent subsidy ranging from Rs 19206 to Rs 163400 per hectare for drip irrigation.       

The present drip irrigation system technologies ar costly and suitable use solely in giant fields. International Development Enterprises-India (IDEI) embarked upon the innovative diversifications of low price drip irrigation systems job to the wants of the little farmers, delivery in additional flexibility, simplicity and affordability. IDEI promoted drip kits price nearly eighty per cent cheaper than the standard kits and so evoke a shift from farming to higher price production farming doubling the financial gain of the poor farmers and greatly enhancing house food security. The drip irrigation technology and treadle pump technology frees the farmer from the constraints of rainfed farming, sanctionative him to grow large choice of crops, cultivate all the year spherical with higher cropping intensity and priority farming. sensible irrigation technologies and agricultural practices not to mention increased participation of the poor within the markets is that the key to financial gain generation. IDEI promotes reasonable drip irrigation technologies (ADITI) within the type of prepackaged and ready-to-use kits like bucket kit, drum kit, and customised systems that ar employed by farmers for growing each agriculture and money crops. until date eighty five,000 tiny and marginal farmers are with success adopted these kits. it’s operating head zero.5-3 m with 73-84 per cent distribution uniformity2. Higher head in Krishak Bandhu (KB) drip system with increasing height of supply is tough to keep up and expensive additionally. However, no low price drip irrigation system has been designed quite three m head.

there’s a requirement to develop associate economical appropriate low low price (LPLC) drip irrigation system having operating head of quite three m with higher distribution uniformity, made with domestically on the market materials that may be adoptable and reasonable for tiny land holders.

It was surveyed3 on existing treadle pumps; low-priced drip irrigation and water storage systems reportable that 550 million of the present one.1 billion individuals earning but $1-a-day earn a living from agriculture in developing countries. A revolution in water management is required to develop and mass-disseminate new, affordable, small-plot irrigation technologies. A revolution in agriculture is needed to change smallholders to supply high-value, marketable, labour-intensive money crops. A revolution in markets is required to open access to markets for the crops they manufacture and also the inputs they have. Finally, a revolution in style, supported the pitiless pursuit of affordability, is required to harness shallow groundwater.

Scientific water management, farm practices and drip system ought to be adopted where possible. the event of associate economical, reliable and low price drip system that matches wants|the requirements|the wants} of tiny farmers in developing countries has long been recognized as a crucial need. The objectives of gift investigation were to develop an occasional price economical appropriate drip, fictional with materials on the market in native market, that is adoptable and reasonable for tiny land holders.

Drip irrigation system offers distinctive science, agro technical and economical blessings for economical use of valuable water resources. However, the initial price of drip irrigation limits its scope for big scale adoptions. The Indian government has sought-after to market controlled irrigation technologies primarily by subsidizing the value of kit. Despite subsidies of the maximum amount as seventy five per cent of total price of kit, the speed of adoption is incredibly slow and uneven. The Rajasthan government approved rate of seventy per cent grant starting from Rs 19206 to Rs 163400 per square measure for drip irrigation.

The present drip irrigation technologies ar costly and suitable use solely in giant fields. International Development Enterprises-India (IDEI) embarked upon the innovative diversifications of low price drip irrigation systems job to the wants of the little farmers, delivery in additional flexibility, simplicity and affordability. IDEI promoted drip kits price nearly eighty per cent cheaper than the standard kits and so evoke a shift from farming to higher price production farming doubling the financial gain of the poor farmers and greatly enhancing house food security. The drip irrigation technology and treadle pump technology frees the farmer from the constraints of rainfed farming, sanctionative him to grow large choice of crops, cultivate all the year spherical with higher cropping intensity and priority farming. sensible irrigation technologies and agricultural practices not to mention increased participation of the poor within the markets is that the key to financial gain generation. IDEI promotes reasonable drip irrigation technologies (ADITI) within the type of prepackaged and ready-to-use kits like bucket kit, drum kit, and customised systems that ar employed by farmers for growing each agriculture and money crops. until date eighty five,000 tiny and marginal farmers are with success adopted these kits. it’s operating head zero.5-3 m with 73-84 per cent distribution uniformity2. Higher head in Krishak Bandhu (KB) drip system with increasing height of supply is tough to keep up and expensive additionally. However, no low price drip irrigation system has been designed quite three m head.

there’s a requirement to develop associate economical appropriate low low price (LPLC) drip irrigation system having operating head of quite three m with higher distribution uniformity, made with domestically on the market materials that may be adoptable and reasonable for tiny land holders.

                There is a need to develop an efficient suitable low pressure low cost (LPLC) drip irrigation system having working head of more than 3 m with higher distribution uniformity, constructed with locally available materials that would be adoptable and affordable for small land holders.

Treadle pump for drip irrigation system
Treadle pump for drip irrigation system

Water Use Efficiency (WUE)   of irrigation system  

CONCLUSION  FOR DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM (LPLC)

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5 comments

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